32 Share-based payments
In the financial year 2008, MLP launched a participation programme for branch office managers, MLP consultants and employees in order to keep them loyal to the Company in the long-term. The programme grants a certain number of phantom shares (stock appreciation rights – SARs) for branch office managers and MLP consultants based on their sales performance in the core fields of old-age provision, health insurance and wealth management, in addition to employees based on their position and gross annual income. The SARs of the 2008-2011 tranches were allocated in 2009-2012. The assessment period for determining the number of SARs allocated was the calendar year prior to the respective allocation. The total term of each tranche is 12 years and is broken down into three phases of four years each. The first year of phase 1 represents the assessment period, from which the number of phantom shares to be allocated is calculated. At the start of the second year, the phantom shares are then allocated. Payment of the phantom shares is made no earlier than at the end of the first phase, i.e. three years after allocation of the SARs. At the end of the first phase, employees can also choose not to receive payment for the SARs and instead continue to participate in phase 2 (turbo I phase). Only in this case will they receive additional bonus SARs. And anyone who is eligible but chooses not to receive payment at the end of phase 2, but rather continue to phase 3 (turbo II phase), will be granted further bonus SARs. All SARs are paid no later than at the end of phase 3. In the event of termination of employment, all entitlements granted up to this time expire, assuming they have not been vested beforehand. The SARs originally granted become vested at the end of the first phase, the bonus SARs of turbo I phase at the end of phase 2 and those of turbo II at the end of phase 3. Participation in the programme ends with termination of employment or disbursement of SARs.
The level of payment is based on the value of one MLP share at the time payment is requested. A share price guarantee is in place for all previous tranches, although this expires if the eligible participant decides to continue participation in the programme beyond phase 1. If an eligible participant decides to receive the payout to which he or she is entitled from the tranche once phase 1 has expired, the value he or she receives is based on either the share price guarantee or the current MLP share price (whichever is the higher value) multiplied by the number of phantom shares held from phase 1. At all other payout times, eligible participants receive the current share price multiplied by the number of vested phantom shares held.
If the contractual relationship with an eligible participant ends at a time before December 31 in the twelfth year of eligibility, said participant can only demand payment of entitlements pertaining to the number of vested phantom shares held up to this time. Phantom shares allocated from vesting periods not yet completed are then forfeited.
With the 2011 tranche, the participation programme was granted for the last time. It was stopped completely from 2012 onwards.
In terms of eligibility, the three phases each represent completed vesting periods. Accordingly, the expenses due to the SARs originally granted are distributed over phase 1 (years one to four), the expenses due to the bonus SARs of turbo I phase over years five to eight and the expenses due to the bonus SARs of turbo II phase over years nine to twelve (no front-loaded recognition of expenses).
|Tranche 2008||Tranche 2009||Tranche 2010||Tranche 2011||Total|
|Inventory on Jan. 1, 2018 (units)||131,257||87,525||65,463||119,587||403,832|
|SARs expired in 2018 (units)||-1,247||-1,900||-1,104||-3,315||-7,566|
|Paid out in 2018 (units)||-||-||-4,080||-||-4,080|
|Inventory on Dec. 31, 2018 (units)||130,010||85,625||60,279||116,272||392,186|
|Expenses recognised in 2018 (€'000)||-||-||-12||12|
|Income recognised in 2018 (€'000)||-245||-58||-260||-83||-646|
|Expenses recognised in 2017 (€'000)||494||128||358||393||1,373|
|Income recognised in 2017 (€'000)||-25||-2||-6||-2||-34|
|Provision as of Dec. 31, 2017 (€'000)||1,527||545||1,052||1,147||4,271|
|Provision as of Dec. 31, 2018 (€'000)||1,311||502||726||1,088||3,628|
The expense and the provision from the participation programme are recognised pro rata temporis throughout the individual phases (vesting period). The provision is measured at fair value through profit or loss. The provision accrued on the respective closing date depends on the price of the MLP share, the number of SARs issued and the length of the remaining vesting period.
The participation programme for MLP consultants and MLP branch office managers was launched in 2017 ("2017 Participation Programme"). Its objectives are to extend recognition of extraordinary and sustainable performance, as well as the performance and client focus of MLP consultants and MLP branch office managers, while also making a contribution to keeping high performers both motivated and loyal to the Company. This programme was continued in 2018. Set against this background MLP consultants and MLP branch office managers are to be enabled to acquire shares in MLP SE within the scope of the participation programme and in line with its conditions without having to make any additional payments.
Assuming all eligibility requirements are met, those MLP consultants whho are entitled to participate are each granted a number of bonus shares, determined pursuant to the provisions of the 2018 participation programme (taking into account income tax effects where applicable). This number is calculated by dividing the "2018 bonus amount" by the average closing price of the MLP share. The "2018 bonus amount" is calculated on the basis of the MLP consultant's annual commission alongside various performance factors. The average closing price applicable for determining how many bonus shares to grant is based on the price of the MLP share in the month of February 2019. 337,876 shares were issued in the last financial year. An expense of € 2,500 thsd was recognised for the 2018 bonus amount in the consolidated financial statements with a reserve-increasing effect.
The Group has concluded operating leases as lessee for various motor vehicles, administration buildings and office machines. The average term of the contracts is three years for motor vehicles, generally up to ten years for buildings and four years for office machines. Some of the lease contracts also include extension options.
The following future payment obligations (face values) due to irredeemable operating leases were in place on the balance sheet date:
Some of the rented business spaces were sublet. The subletting contracts are anticipated to bring in € 302 thsd in 2018 (previous year: € 224 thsd).
The following future payment obligations (face values) due to irredeemable operating leases were in place as of December 31, 2017:
In the previous year, other financial commitments were disclosed together under leases. For greater clarity and in preparation for the requirements in accordance with IFRS 16, they are presented separately for contingent assets and liabilities as well as other commitments.
34 Contingent assets and liabilities, as well as other liabilities
As it is composed of companies from different business segments, MLP is exposed to a variety of legal risks. These include, in particular, risks in the fields of warranty, taxes and litigation risks. The outcome of currently pending or future legal actions cannot be forecast with any degree of certainty and it follows that expenses could be incurred as a result of unexpected decisions, which has not been fully covered by loan loss provisions or insurance policies and which is liable to have a material impact on the business and its results. In MLP's opinion, decisions producing a major negative effect on the net assets, financial position and results of operations at the Group's expense are not anticipated with regard to the currently pending legal actions.
Reinsurance has been arranged for benefit obligations for branch office managers. Final liability for the benefit obligation lies with MLP in accordance with section 1 (1) (3) of the German Company Pension Law (BetrAVG). MLP does not currently anticipate any financial consequences as a result of this.
MLP Banking AG is a member in the depositors' guarantee fund of the Association of German Banks (BdB e.V.), Berlin, and in the Compensation Scheme of German Banks (EdB GmbH), also in Berlin. Obligations to make additional payments could potentially arise from the allocation obligation here.
On the balance sheet date, there are € 4,719 thsd in contingent liabilities on account of sureties and warranties (face value of the obligation) (previous year: € 3,848 thsd) and irrevocable credit commitments (contingent liabilities) of € 54,667 thsd (previous year: € 51,659 thsd). In terms of sureties and warranties, any utilisation remains unlikely as in the past. The irrevocable credit commitments are generally utilised.
IT technology outsourcing essentially relates to a long-term outsourcing contract with EntServ Deutschland GmbH, Böblingen.
As of the balance sheet date, other financial commitments were as follows:
As of December 2017, other financial commitments were as follows:
35 Additional information on financial instruments
Classifications and fair values
The carrying amounts and fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities, including their (hierarchical) tiers, are grouped into financial instrument classes and categories as shown in the following tables.
|All figures in €'000||Dec 31, 2018|
|Carrying amount||Fair value||No financial instruments according to |
|Carrying amount corresponds to fair value||Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3||Total|
|Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVPL)||13,080||184||2,972||9,925||-||13,080||5,799|
|Financial investments (shares and structured bonds)||9,925||-||-||9,925||-||9,925|
|Financial investments (shares and investment fund shares)||2,972||-||2,972||-||-||2,972|
|Financial assets measured at amortised cost (AC)||2,110,293||808,709||41,271||628,524||645,399||2,123,903||35,206|
|Receivables from banking business – clients||761,027||131,028||-||-||645,399||776,427|
|Receivables from banking business – banks||694,210||108,843||-||583,536||-||692,380|
|Financial investments (fixed and time deposits)||49,998||49,998||-||-||-||49,998|
|Financial investments (loans)||9,997||9,997||-||-||-||9,997|
|Financial assets (bonds)||86,219||-||41,271||44,988||-||86,259|
|Other receivables and assets||122,917||122,917||-||-||-||122,917||35,206|
|Cash and cash equivalents||385,926||385,926||-||-||-||385,926|
|Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost||1,861,006||1,755,682||-||102,115||-||1,857,797||25,279|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,638,892||1,614,863||-||24,032||-||1,638,895|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||81,625||330||-||78,083||-||78,413|
|Sureties and warranties||4,719||4,719||4,719|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||54,667||54,667||54,667|
|All figures in €'000||Dec. 31, 2017|
|Carrying amount||Fair value||No financial instruments according to IAS32/39|
|Carrying amount corresponds to fair value||Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3||Total|
|Financial assets measured at fair value||28,424||8,817||19,607||28,424|
|Fair Value Option||4,978||4,978||4,978|
|Financial investments (share certificates and structured bonds)||4,978||-||4,978||-||-||4,978|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||23,446||3,839||19,607||23,446|
|Financial investments (share certificates and investment fund shares)||4,047||-||3,839||207||-||4,047|
|Financial assets (bonds)||19,399||-||-||19,399||-||19,399|
|Financial assets measured at amortised cost||1,866,993||743,346||28,256||513,461||615,588||1,900,650|
|Loans and receivables||1,802,047||736,722||483,394||615,588||1,835,705|
|Receivables from banking business – clients||701,975||120,675||-||-||615,588||736,263|
|Receivables from banking business – banks||634,150||150,125||-||483,394||-||633,520|
|Financial investments (fixed and time deposits)||55,087||55,087||-||-||-||55,087|
|Financial investments (loans)||10,000||10,000||-||-||-||10,000|
|Other receivables and assets||99,822||99,822||-||-||-||99,822||25,920|
|Cash and cash equivalents||301,013||301,013||301,013|
|Financial assets (bonds)||58,322||-||28,256||30,066||-||58,322|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||6,624||6,624||6,624|
|Financial assets (investments)||6,624||6,624||6,624|
|Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost||1,619,206||1,535,513||81,354||1,616,867|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,439,805||1,416,395||-||23,432||1,439,827||-|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||61,383||1,100||-||57,921||59,022||-|
|Sureties and warranties||3,848||3,848||3,848|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||51,659||51,659||51,659|
Cash and cash equivalents, receivables and liabilities due to banking business without agreed terms to maturity, trade receivables, from companies in which the Group holds an interest and other assets all predominantly have short terms to maturity. Their carrying amounts on the balance sheet date are therefore almost identical to the fair values. The same applies to the trade accounts payable.
On the reporting date, MLP held financial guarantees in the form of sureties and warranties of € 4,569 thsd (previous year: € 3,698 thsd). These financial guarantees are measured on the basis of the impairment provisions defined in IFRS 9. Impairments of € 26 thsd resulting from this are disclosed under other provisions.
Determining fair value
Insofar as there is an active market for financial assets and financial liabilities, the prices of the market with the greatest trading volume on the closing date are used as the basis for determining the fair value. With investment shares, the fair value corresponds to the redemption prices published by the capital investment companies. If there is no active market on the closing date, the fair value is determined using recognised valuation models.
For equity instruments of financial investments not listed on an active market, the fair value is generally determined on the basis of the gross rental method using non-observable parameters such as beta factors or risk-equivalent discount interest rates. If it is not possible to reliably determine the fair value, in particular due to a lack of necessary data on earning projections, equity instruments not listed on an active market are recognised at their acquisition costs, minus any impairments. As of the balance sheet date there is no indication of fair values being lower than carrying amounts. There are also no plans to dispose of these investments.
The valuation model for assets and liabilities assigned to tier 2 takes into account the present value of the anticipated future cash inflows/outflows throughout the remaining term, which are discounted using a risk-free discount rate. The discount rate is based on the current yield curve. The anticipated cash flows are adjusted for the effects of credit and default risks. When determining the fair value of financial investments, on the other hand, the discount rate is adjusted to include a credit spread.
The table below shows the valuation techniques that were used to determine tier 3 fair values, as well as the significant, non-observable input factors applied:
|Type||Valuation technique||Significant, non-observable input factors||Relationship between significant, non-observable input factors and measurement at fair value|
|Receivables from banking business – clients with agreed maturity||The valuation model takes into account the present value of the anticipated future cash inflows/outflows throughout the remaining term, which are discounted using a risk-free discount rate. The discount rate is based on the current yield curve. Credit and default risks, administration costs and expected return on equity are taken into account when determining future cash flows.||Adjustment of cash flows by: credit and counterparty default risks||The estimated fair value would increase (decrease) if: |
Net gains and losses from financial instruments are distributed among the categories for financial assets and financial liabilities at the amounts specified:
|All figures in €'000||2018 (IFRS 9)||2017 (IAS 39)|
|Loans and receiveables||-||18,285|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||-||2,463|
|Financial instruments held for trading||-||-|
|Fair Value Option||-||485|
|Financial assets measured at amortised cost||18,612||-|
|Financial assets measured at fair value||542||-|
|Liabilities measured at amortised cost||-666||-|
Net gains or net losses comprise gains and losses on fair value measurement through profit or loss, impairment losses and reversals of impairment losses, and gains and losses on the sale of the financial instruments concerned.
These items also include interest income and expenses, as well as dividends and income from financial assets derecognised in their entirety.
For financial instruments that were not measured at fair value through profit or loss, interest income of € 17,485 thsd (previous year: € 20,579 thsd) and interest costs of € 666 thsd (previous year: € 1,238 thsd) were incurred.
For impairment losses, we refer to the note on the items "Receivables from the banking business", "Other receivables and assets" and "Financial investments". Commission income and expenses that were not included in the process for determining the effective interest rate can primarily be attributed to early repayment penalties to a negligible extent.
The maximum default risk of the financial instruments held by MLP corresponds to the carrying amount.
36 Financial risk management
With the exception of the disclosures in line with IFRS 7.35-39 (b) (with the exception of 7.35B (c)), the disclosures on the type and severity of risks resulting from financial instruments (IFRS 7.31-42) are included in the risk report of the joint management report and in Note 34.
In the following maturity analysis, contractually agreed cash inflows are shown with a positive sign, while contractually agreed outflows of cash and cash equivalents are shown with a negative sign. For financial guarantees and credit commitments, the potential outflow of cash and cash equivalents is disclosed. The contractually agreed maturities do not correspond to the inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents actually expected – in particular in the case of the financial guarantees and credit commitments. Management of the default and liquidity risk is disclosed in the risk report of the group management report.
The tables below show the maturity structure of financial liabilities with contractually fixed terms to maturity:
|Total cash flow (principal and interest) in €'000 as of Dec. 31, 2018||Due on demand||Up to 1 year||1 to 5 years||More than 5 years||Total|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,606,870||24,043||-||-||1,631,913|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||330||-964||14,933||64,275||78,574|
|Financial guarantees and credit commitments||59,386||59,386|
|Sureties and warranties||4,719||-||-||-||4,719|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||54,667||-||-||-||54,667|
|Total cash flow (principal and interest) in €'000 as of Dec. 31, 2017||Due on demand||Up to 1 year||1 to 5 years||More than 5 years||Total|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,416,395||23,434||-||-||1,439,829|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||1,100||-4,822||9,986||53,159||59,424|
|Financial guarantees and credit commitments||55,507||55,507|
|Sureties and warranties||3,848||-||-||-||3,848|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||51,659||-||-||-||51,659|
37 Declaration of Compliance with the German Corporate Governance Code pursuant to section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act (AktG)
The Executive and Supervisory Boards issued a declaration of compliance with the German Corporate Governance Code pursuant to section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act (AktG) and made it permanently available to the shareholders via its website, www.mlp-se.de and in the corporate governance report of this Annual Report.
38 Related parties
|Executive Board||Mandates in other statutory Supervisory Boards of companies based in Germany||Memberships in comparable domestic and foreign control bodies of commercial enterprises|
|Dr. Uwe Schroeder-Wildberg, Heidelberg|
Strategy, Sales, Communication, Policy/Investor Relations, Marketing, Sustainability
|Reinhard Loose, Berlin|
Compliance, Controlling, IT, Group Accounting, Risk Management, Internal Audit, Legal, Human Resources
Manfred Bauer, Leimen
|Supervisory Board||Mandates in other statutory Supervisory Boards of companies based in Germany||Memberships in comparable domestic and foreign control bodies of commercial enterprises|
|Dr. Peter Lütke-Bornefeld, Everswinkel|
Formerly Chairman of the Executive Board of General Reinsurance AG, Cologne
Dr. Claus-Michael Dill, Murnau
formerly chairman of the Executive Board
AXA Konzern AG, Cologne
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) at Douglas GmbH, Düsseldorf
|Matthias Lautenschläger, Heidelberg (since June 14, 2018)|
Managing Partner at USC Heidelberg Spielbetrieb GmbH, Heidelberg
|Burkhard Schlingermann, Dusseldorf|
Employees of MLP Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch
Works council member at MLP SE and MLP Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch
|Alexander Beer, Karlsruhe|
Employee of MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch
|Dr. h.c. Manfred Lautenschläger, Gaiberg|
(until June 14, 2018)
Formerly Chairman of the Executive Board
Within the scope of the ordinary business, legal transactions were made between individual Group companies and members of the Executive Board and the Supervisory Board as well as related parties. The legal transactions refer to the payment transactions and securities services of € 989 thsd (previous year: € 1,306 thsd). The legal transactions were completed under standard market or employee conditions.
As of the reporting date of December 31, 2018, members of the Executive Bodies had current account credit lines and surety loans totalling € 573 thsd (previous year: € 548 thsd). Surety loans are charged an interest rate of 1.0% (previous year: 2.0%) and the current account debits 6.25% to 8.50% (previous year: 6.25% to 8.50%).
The total compensation for members of the Executive Board active on the reporting date is € 3,102 thsd (previous year: € 2,569 thsd), of which € 1,347 thsd (previous year: € 1,345 thsd) is attributable to the fixed portion of compensation and € 1,755 thsd (previous year: € 1,223 thsd) is attributable to the variable portion of compensation. In the financial year, expenses of € 290 thsd (previous year: € 290 thsd) were accrued for occupational pension provision. As of December 31, 2018, pension provisions of € 17,095 thsd were in place for former members of the Executive Board (previous year: € 16,897 thsd).
Variable portions of compensation comprise long-term compensation components.
The members of the Supervisory Board received non-performance-related compensation of € 500 thsd for their activities in 2018 (previous year: € 500 thsd). In addition, € 20 thsd (previous year: € 18 thsd) was paid as compensation for expenses and training measures.
For the detailed structure of the pay system and the compensation of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board, please refer to the compensation report in the "Corporate governance" chapter. The compensation report is part of the management report.
Alongside the consolidated subsidiaries, MLP SE comes into direct and indirect contact with, and has relations with, a large number of companies within the scope of its ordinary business. This also includes subsidiaries, which are non-consolidated for reasons of materiality, and associates. All business dealings are concluded at conditions and terms customary in the industry and which as a matter of principle do not differ from delivery and service relationships with other companies. Payments to related companies for services performed essentially concern wealth management and consulting, brokerage, sales and trailer commission.
Transactions were carried out with major related companies, which led to the following items in the consolidated financial statements:
Related companies 2018
|All figures in €'000||Receivables||Liabilities||Income||Expenses|
|MLP Consult GmbH, Wiesloch||-||2,054||8||-|
|MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch (associate)||273||4||11,985||120|
|Uniwunder GmbH, Dresden||235||500||199||3,824|
|FERI (Schweiz) AG (formerly Michel & Cortesi Assetmanagement AG), Zurich||707||78||62||292|
|FPE Private Equity Beteiligungs-Treuhand GmbH, Munich||2||-||72||-|
|FPE Private Equity Koordinations GmbH, Munich||-||-||48||-|
|FERI Private Equity GmbH & Co. KG, Munich||-||-||-||6|
|FERI Private Equity Nr. 2 GmbH & Co. KG, Munich||-||-||-||5|
|DIEASS GmbH, Kiel||-||17||14||17|
|innoAssekuranz GmbH (Portus Assekuranz Vermittlungsgesellschaft mbH), Kiel||-||29||21||29|
|Walther GmbH Versicherungsmakler, Hamburg||-||212||359||242|
Related companies 2017
|All figures in €'000||Receivables||Liabilities||Income||Expenses|
|MLP Consult GmbH, Wiesloch||-||2,067||8||-|
|MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch (associate)||63||-||9,620||49|
|Michel & Cortesi Assetmanagement AG, Zurich||428||74||164||287|
|FPE Private Equity Beteiligungs-Treuhand GmbH, Munich||-||-||50||-|
|FPE Private Equity Koordinations GmbH, Munich||-||-||50||-|
|DIEASS GmbH, Kiel||-||11||9||11|
|Portus Assekuranz Vermittlungsgesellschaft mbH, Kiel||-||16||14||16|
|Walther GmbH Versicherungsmakler, Hamburg||-||34||151||34|
39 Number of employees
The average number of staff employed increased from 1,686 in 2017 to 1,722 in 2018.
An average of 85 people (previous year: 97) underwent vocational training in the financial year.
40 Auditor's fees
The total fees for services performed by the auditing firm KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main in financial year 2018 (including expenses, but excluding statutory value added tax) are as follows:
The item Audit services contains the fees paid for the audit of the consolidated financial statements and for the audit of the other legally stipulated financial statements of MLP SE and its subsidiaries.
41 Disclosures on equity/capital control
A primary objective of equity control is to ensure that the legal solvency regulations for banking and financial services businesses, which prescribe a minimum capital adequacy, are fulfilled and that the quantitative and qualitative equity base is strengthened. At MLP, the examinations for the purpose of complying with the solvency regulations, which came into force on January 1, 2014, as well as Article 7 and Article 11 et seq. of EU Directive No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and Council from June 26, 2013 regarding the supervisory requirements of financial institutions and investment firms, are performed on a consolidated basis (Group). Since January 1, 2017, we have been drafting an independent IFRS consolidation on the supervisory scope of consolidation. The disclosures are based on the legal foundations in place and valid on the reporting date.
As per Article 11 of the CRR, the relevant Group includes MLP SE, Wiesloch, MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch, FERI AG, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FERI Trust GmbH, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FEREAL AG, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FERI Trust (Luxembourg) S. A., Luxembourg.
As the deposit-taking bank, MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch, is the controlling company in the MLP Financial Holding Group as per Article 11 of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR).
The following means and measures for controlling and adjusting the equity capital of the Group are available to MLP: (I) Issuing new shares and (II) Making transfers to the statutory reserve to strengthen Tier 1 capital.
Pursuant to Article 92 et seq. of the CRR, MLP is obliged to back its capital adequacy requirements for both counterparty default risks and the operational risk at Group level with at least 9.875 % eligible own funds (equity ratio) (previous year: 9.250%).
MLP applies the standardised approach to credit risk for determining the risk-weighted exposure values (counterparty default risks) in accordance with Article 111 et seq. of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The basic indicator approach is used for determining the amount for the operational risk (Article 315 et seq. of the CRR).
As in the previous year, the backing of risk assets with eligible own funds for Tier 1 capital generally requires a minimum ratio of 4.5 % throughout. As per Article 25 et seq. of the CRR, the Group's Tier 1 capital includes the following equity items of IFRS capital: share capital, capital reserves, statutory reserve and retained earnings. Among other factors, the following serve to reduce Tier 1 capital: intangible assets, treasury stock and goodwill.
As in the previous year, MLP has fulfilled all legal requirements relating to the minimum core capital backing during financial year 2018. The relationship between core capital requirement and core capital as of the balance sheet date is illustrated below.
|All figures in €'000||2018||2017|
|Tier 1 common capital||288,857||291,003|
|Tier 1 additional capital||-||-|
|Tier 2 capital||-||-|
|Eligible own funds||288,857||291,003|
|Capital adequacy requirements for counterparty default risks||77,582||73,840|
|Capital adequacy requirements for operational risk||40,087||42,443|
|Equity ratio (at least 9.875 %) (at least 8 % + 1.875 % (previous year 1.25 %) capital conservation buffer)||19.64||20.02|
|Tier 1 common capital ratio (at least 4.5 %)||19.64||20.02|
42 Events after the balance sheet date
There were no appreciable events after the balance sheet date affecting the net assets, financial position or results of operations of the Group.
43 Release of consolidated financial statements
The Executive Board prepared the consolidated financial statements on March 1, 2019 and will present them to the Supervisory Board on March 13, 2019 for publication.
Wiesloch, March 1, 2019
Dr. Uwe Schroeder-Wildberg Manfred Bauer Reinhard Loose