31 Share-based payments
In the financial year 2008, MLP launched a participation programme for office managers, consultants and employees in order to keep them loyal to the company in the long-term. The programme grants a certain number of phantom shares (stock appreciation rights – SARs) for office managers and consultants based on their sales performance in the core fields of old-age provision, health insurance and wealth management, as well as for employees based on their position and gross annual income. The SARs of the 2008-2011 tranches were allocated in 2009-2012. The assessment period for determining the number of SARs allocated was the calendar year prior to the respective allocation. The total term of each tranche is 12 years and is broken down into 3 phases of 4 years each. The first year of phase 1 represents the assessment period, from which the number of phantom shares to be allocated is calculated. The phantom shares are then allocated at the start of the second year.. Payment of the phantom shares is made no earlier than at the end of the first phase, i.e. 3 years after allocation of the SARs. At the end of the first phase, employees can also choose not to receive payment for the SARs and instead continue to participate in phase 2 (turbo I phase). Only in this case will they receive additional bonus SARs. And anyone who is eligible but chooses not to receive payment at the end of phase 2, but rather continue to phase 3 (turbo II phase), will be granted further bonus SARs. All SARs are paid no later than at the end of phase 3. In the event of termination of employment, all entitlements granted up to this time expire, assuming they have not been vested beforehand. The SARs originally granted become vested at the end of the first phase, the bonus SARs of turbo I phase at the end of phase 2 and those of turbo II at the end of phase 3. Participation in the programme ends with termination of employment or disbursement of SARs.
The level of payment is based on the value of one MLP share at the time payment is requested. A share price guarantee is in place for all previous tranches, although this expires if the eligible participant decides to continue participation in the programme beyond phase 1. If an eligible participant decides to receive the pay-out to which he or she is entitled from the tranche once phase 1 has expired, the value he or she receives is based on either the share price guarantee or the current MLP share price (whichever is the higher value) multiplied by the number of phantom shares held from phase 1. At all other pay-out times, eligible participants receive the current share price multiplied by the number of vested phantom shares held.
If the contractual relationship with an eligible participant ends at a time before December 31 in the twelfth year of eligibility, said participant can only demand payment of entitlements pertaining to the number of vested phantom shares held up to this time. Phantom shares allocated from vesting periods not yet completed are then forfeited.
With the 2011 tranche, the participation programme was granted for the last time. It was stopped completely from 2012 onwards.
In terms of eligibility, the 3 phases each represent completed vesting periods. Accordingly, the expenses due to the SARs originally granted are distributed over phase 1 (years 1 to 4), the expenses due to the bonus SARs of turbo I phase over years 5 to 8 and the expenses due to the bonus SARs of turbo II phase over years 9 to 12 (no front-loaded recognition of expenses).
|Tranche 2008||Tranche 2009||Tranche 2010||Tranche 2011||Total|
|Inventory on Jan. 1, 2017 (units)||135,553||102,057||66,955||121,730||426,295|
|SARs expired in 2017 (units)||-4,296||-6,325||-1,492||-2,143||-14,256|
|Paid out in 2017 (units)||-||-8,207||-||-||-8,207|
|Inventory on Dec. 31, 2017 (units)||131,257||87,525||65,463||119,587||403,832|
|Expenses recognised in 2017 (€'000)||494||128||358||393||1,373|
|Income recognised in 2017 (€'000)||-25||-2||-6||-2||-34|
|Expenses recognised in 2016 (€'000)||79||165||171||189||604|
|Income recognised in 2016 (€'000)||-7||-14||-8||-2||-31|
|Provision as of Dec. 31, 2016 (€'000)||1,040||590||689||744||3,063|
|Provision as of Dec. 31, 2017 (€'000)||1,527||545||1,052||1,147||4,271|
|Inventory investment shares on Jan. 1, 2017 (units)||406,659||306,171||131,612||-||844,442|
|Inventory investment shares on Dec. 31, 2017 (units)||-||-||-||-||-|
The expense and the provision from the participation programme are recognised pro rata temporis throughout the individual phases (vesting period). The provision is measured at fair value through profit and loss. The provision accrued on the respective closing date depends on the price of the MLP share, the number of SARs issued and the length of the remaining vesting period.
The participation programme for MLP consultants and MLP office managers was launched in 2017 ("2017 Participation Programme"). Its objectives are to extend recognition of extraordinary and sustainable performance, as well as the performance and client focus of MLP consultants and MLP office managers, while also making a contribution to keeping high performers both motivated and loyal to the company. Set against this background, MLP consultants and MLP office managers are to be enabled to acquire shares in MLP SE within the scope of the 2017 participation programme and in line with its conditions without having to make any additional payments.
Assuming all eligibility requirements are met, those MLP consultants entitled to participate are each granted a number of bonus shares, determined pursuant to the provisions of the 2017 participation programme (taking into account income tax effects where applicable). This number is calculated by dividing the "2017 bonus amount" by the average closing price of the MLP share. The "2017 bonus amount" is calculated on the basis of the MLP consultant's annual commission, as well as various performance factors. The average closing price applicable for determining how many bonus shares to grant is based on the price of the MLP share in the month of February 2018. The Group estimates that 443,400 shares will be granted in 2018. An expense of € 2,027 thsd was recognised for the 2017 bonus amount in the consolidated financial statements with a reserve-increasing effect.
The Group has concluded operating leases as lessee for various motor vehicles, administration buildings and office machines. The average term of the contracts is three years for motor vehicles, generally up to ten years for buildings and four years for office machines. Some of the lease contracts also include extension options.
The following future minimum lease payments (face values) due to irredeemable operating leases were in place on the balance sheet date:
IT technology outsourcing essentially relates to a long-term outsourcing contract with EntServ Deutschland GmbH, Böblingen.
Some of the rented business spaces were sublet. The subletting contracts are anticipated to bring in € 224 thsd in 2018.
33 Contingent assets and liabilities, as well as other liabilities
As it is composed of companies from different business segments, MLP is exposed to a variety of legal risks. These include, in particular, risks in the fields of warranty, taxes and litigation. The outcome of currently pending or future legal actions cannot be forecast with any degree of certainty and it follows that expenditure could be incurred as a result of unexpected decisions, which has not been fully covered by loan loss provisions or insurance policies and which is liable to have a material impact on the business and its results. In MLP's opinion, decisions producing a major negative effect on the net assets, financial position and results of operations at the Group's expense are not anticipated with regard to the currently pending legal actions.
On the balance sheet date, actions are pending due to incorrect disclosures in the capital market information published by the company. This predominantly concerns the years 2000 to 2002. However, MLP firmly believes that the actions will not be successful.
On the balance sheet date, there are € 3,848 thsd in contingent liabilities on account of sureties and warranties (face value of the obligation) (previous year: € 2,934 thsd) and irrevocable credit commitments (contingent liabilities) of € 51,659 thsd (previous year: € 72,231 thsd). In terms of sureties and warranties, any utilisation remains unlikely as in the past. The irrevocable credit commitments are generally utilised.
Reinsurance has been arranged for benefit obligations for independent commercial agents. Final liability for the benefit obligation lies with MLP in accordance with § 1 (1) Sentence 3 of the German Company Pension Law (BetrAVG). MLP does not currently anticipate any financial consequences as a result of this.
MLP Banking AG is a member in the depositors' guarantee fund of the Association of German Banks (BdB e.V.), Berlin, and in the Compensation Scheme of German Banks (EdB GmbH), also in Berlin. Obligations to make additional payments could potentially arise from the allocation obligation here.
34 Additional information on financial instruments
Classifications and fair values
The carrying amounts and fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities, including their (hierarchical) tiers, are grouped into financial instrument classes and categories as shown in the following tables.
|All figures in €'000||Dec. 31,2017|
|Carrying amount||Fair value||No financial instruments according to IAS32/39|
|Carrying amount corresponds to fair value||Level 1||Level 2||Level 3||Total|
|Financial assets measured at fair value||28,424||8,817||19,607||28,424|
|Fair Value Option||4,978||4,978||4,978|
|Financial investments (share certificates and structured bonds)||4,978||-||4,978||-||-||4,978||-|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||23,446||3,839||19,607||23,446|
|Financial investments (share certificates and investment fund shares)||4,047||-||3,839||207||-||4,047||-|
|Financial assets (bonds)||19,399||-||-||19,399||-||19,399||-|
|Financial assets measured at amortised cost||1,866,993||743,346||28,256||513,461||615,588||1,900,650|
|Loans and receivables||1,802,047||736,722||483,394||615,588||1,835,705|
|Receivables from banking business – clients||701,975||120,675||-||-||615,588||736,263||-|
|Receivables from banking business – banks||634,150||150,125||-||483,394||-||633,520||-|
|Financial investments (fixed and time deposits)||55,087||55,087||-||-||-||55,087||-|
|Financial investments (loans)||10,000||10,000||-||-||-||10,000||-|
|Other receivables and assets||99,822||99,822||-||-||-||99,822||25,920|
|Cash and cash equivalents||301,013||301,013||301,013|
|Financial assets (bonds)||58,322||-||28,256||30,066||-||58,322||-|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||6,624||6,624||6,624|
|Financial assets (investments)||6,624||6,624||6,624||-|
|Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost||1,619,206||1,535,513||81,354||1,616,867|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,439,805||1,416,395||-||23,432||-||1,439,827||-|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||61,383||1,100||-||57,921||-||59,022||-|
|Sureties and warranties||3,848||3,848||3,848|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||51,659||51,659||51,659|
|All figures in €'000||Dec. 31, 2016|
|Carrying amount||Fair value||No financial instruments according to IAS32/39|
|Carrying amount corresponds to fair value||Level 1||Level 2||Level 3||Total|
|Financial assets measured at fair value||22,614||11,974||10,640||22,614|
|Fair Value Option||1,385||1,385||1,385|
|Financial investments (share certificates and structured bonds)||1,385||-||1,385||-||-||1,385||-|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||21,229||10,589||10,640||21,229|
|Financial investments (share certificates and investment fund shares)||5,706||-||5,440||265||-||5,706||-|
|Financial assets (bonds)||15,523||-||5,149||10,374||-||15,523||-|
|Financial assets measured at amortised cost||1,640,832||676,701||28,150||427,964||549,080||1,681,895|
|Loans and receivables||1,566,261||670,666||387,578||549,080||1,607,324|
|Receivables from banking business – clients||626,479||118,287||-||-||549,080||667,367||-|
|Receivables from banking business – banks||590,972||203,569||-||387,578||-||591,147||-|
|Financial investments (fixed and time deposits)||55,102||55,102||-||-||-||55,102||-|
|Financial investments (loans)||10,000||10,000||-||-||-||10,000||-|
|Other receivables and assets||98,880||98,880||-||-||-||98,880||23,896|
|Cash and cash equivalents||184,829||184,829||-||-||-||184,829||-|
|Financial assets (bonds)||68,535||-||28,150||40,386||-||68,535||-|
|Available-for-sale financial assets||6,035||6,035||6,035|
|Financial assets (investments)||6,035||6,035||-||-||-||6,035||-|
|Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost||1,419,782||1,357,944||61,362||1,419,306|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,271,070||1,245,925||-||25,158||-||1,271,083||-|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||37,720||1,027||-||36,204||-||37,231||-|
|Sureties and warranties||2,934||2,934||2,934|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||72,231||72,231||72,231|
Cash and cash equivalents, receivables and liabilities due to banking business without agreed terms to maturity, trade receivables, from companies in which the Group holds an interest and other assets all predominantly have short terms to maturity. Their carrying amounts on the balance sheet date are therefore almost identical to the fair values. The same applies to the trade accounts payable.
On the reporting date, MLP held financial guarantees in the form of avals of € 3,698 thsd (previous year: € 2,784 thsd). Within the scope of initial measurement, these financial guarantees are stated at their fair values and netted against the present values of agreed aval commission in accordance with IAS 39. If subsequent measurement results in a higher figure, this will be recognised as a financial liability in accordance with IAS 37.
To avoid incongruities, the fair value option is exercised for a structured product in line with IAS 39.11 A.
Determining fair value
Insofar as there is an active market for financial assets and financial liabilities, the prices of the market with the greatest trading volume on the closing date are used as the basis for determining the fair value. With investment shares, the fair value corresponds to the redemption prices published by the capital investment companies. If there is no active market on the closing date, the fair value is determined using recognised valuation models.
For equity instruments of financial investments not listed on an active market, the fair value is generally determined on the basis of the gross rental method using non-observable parameters such as beta factors or risk-equivalent discount interest rates. If it is not possible to reliably determine the fair value, in particular due to a lack of necessary data on earning projections, equity instruments not listed on an active market are recognised at their acquisition costs, minus any impairments. As of the balance sheet date there is no indication of fair values being lower than carrying amounts. There are also no plans to dispose of these investments.
The valuation model for assets and liabilities assigned to tier 2 takes into account the present value of the anticipated future cash inflows/outflows throughout the remaining term, which are discounted using a risk-free discount rate. The discount rate is based on the current yield curve. The anticipated cash flows are adjusted for the effects of credit and default risks. When determining the fair value of financial investments, on the other hand, the discount rate is adjusted to include a credit spread.
The table below shows the valuation techniques that were used to determine tier 3 fair values, as well as the significant, non-observable input factors applied:
|Type||Valuation technique||Significant, non-observable input factors||Relationship between significant, non-observable input factors and measurement at fair value|
|Receivables from banking business – clients with agreed maturity||The valuation model takes into account the present value of the anticipated future cash inflows/outflows throughout the remaining term, which are discounted using a risk-free discount rate. The discount rate is based on the current yield curve. Credit and default risks, administration costs and expected return on equity are taken into account when determining future cash flows.||Adjustment of cash flows by:|
• credit and counterparty default risks
• administration costs
• expected return on equity
|The estimated fair value would increase (decrease) if: |
• the credit and default risk were to rise (fall)
• the admin costs were to fall (rise)
• the expected return on equity
were to fall (rise).
Net gains and losses from financial instruments are distributed among the categories of IAS 39 for financial assets and financial liabilities at the amounts specified:
Net gains or net losses comprise gains and losses on fair value measurement through profit and loss, impairment losses and reversals of impairment losses, and gains and losses on the sale of the financial instruments concerned.
These items also include interest income and expenses, as well as dividends and income from financial assets derecognised in their entirety.
For financial instruments that were not measured at fair value through profit and loss, interest income of € 20,579 thsd (previous year: € 21,298 thsd) and interest costs of € 1,238 thsd (previous year: € 1,843 thsd) were made.
For impairment losses, we refer to the note on the items "Receivables from the banking business", "Other receivables and assets" and "Financial investments". Commission income and expenses that were not included in the process for determining the effective interest rate can primarily be attributed to early repayment penalties to a negligible extent.
The maximum default risk of the financial instruments held by MLP corresponds to the carrying amount.
35 Financial risk management
With the exception of the disclosures in line with IFRS 7.36-39 (b), the disclosures on the type and severity of risks resulting from financial instruments (IFRS 7.31-42) are included in the risk report of the joint management report and in Note 35.
In the following maturity analysis, contractually agreed cash inflows are shown with a positive sign, while contractually agreed outflows of cash and cash equivalents are shown with a negative sign. For financial guarantees and credit commitments, the potential outflow of cash and cash equivalents is disclosed. The contractually agreed maturities do not correspond to the inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents actually expected – in particular in the case of the financial guarantees and credit commitments. Management of the default and liquidity risk is disclosed in the risk report of the Group management report.
The tables below show the maturity structure of financial liabilities with contractually fixed terms to maturity:
|Total cash flow (principal and interest) in €'000 as of Dec. 31, 2017||Due on demand||Up to 1 year||1 to 5 years||More than 5 years||Total|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,416,395||23,434||-||-||1,439,829|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||1,100||-4,822||9,986||53,159||59,424|
|Financial guarantees and credit commitments||55,507||55,507|
|Sureties and warranties||3,848||-||-||-||3,848|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||51,659||-||-||-||51,659|
|Total cash flow (principal and interest) in €'000 as of Dec. 31, 2016||Due on demand||Up to 1 year||1 to 5 years||More than 5 years||Total|
|Liabilities due to banking business – clients||1,245,925||25,207||-||-||1,271,132|
|Liabilities due to banking business – banks||1,027||-2,287||6,910||31,506||37,156|
|Financial guarantees and credit commitments||75,165||75,165|
|Sureties and warranties||2,934||-||-||-||2,934|
|Irrevocable credit commitments||72,231||-||-||-||72,231|
36 Declaration of Compliance with the German Corporate Governance Code pursuant to § 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act (AktG)
The Executive and Supervisory Boards issued a declaration of compliance with the German Corporate Governance Code pursuant to § 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act (AktG) and made it permanently available to the shareholders via its website, www.mlp-se.com and in the corporate governance report of this Annual Report.
37 Related parties
|Executive Board||Mandates in other statutory Supervisory Boards of companies based in Germany||Memberships in comparable domestic and foreign control bodies of commercial enterprises|
|Dr. Uwe Schroeder-Wildberg, Heidelberg|
Strategy, Sales, Communication, Policy/Investor Relations, Marketing, Sustainability
|• FERI AG, Bad Homburg v.d.H. (Chairman)||–|
|Reinhard Loose, Berlin|
Compliance, Controlling, IT, Group Accounting, Risk Management, Internal Audit, Legal, Human Resources
|• DOMCURA AG, Kiel||–|
|Manfred Bauer, Leimen|
|• DOMCURA AG, Kiel (Chairman)||• MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch |
|Supervisory Board||Mandates in other statutory Supervisory Boards of companies based in Germany||Memberships in comparable domestic and foreign control bodies of commercial enterprises|
|Dr. Peter Lütke-Bornefeld, Everswinkel|
Formerly Chairman of the Executive Board of General Reinsurance AG
|• VHV Vereinigte Hannoversche Versicherung a.G., Hanover (Chairman)|
• VHV Holding AG, Hanover (Chairman)
• VHV Allgemeine Versicherung AG, Hanover
• Hannoversche Lebensversicherung AG, Hanover
• MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch (Chairman) (formerly MLP Finanzdienstleistungen AG)
• MLP Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch (Chairman) (since November 17, 2017)
|• ITAS Mutua, Trient, Italy |
(Member of the Governing Board)
|Dr. h.c. Manfred Lautenschläger, Gaiberg|
Formerly Chairman of the Executive Board at MLP AG, Wiesloch
|–||• University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Supervisory Board)|
|Dr. Claus-Michael Dill, Murnau|
Formerly Chairman of the Executive Board at AXA Konzern AG, Cologne
|• HUK-COBURG Holding AG, Coburg|
• HUK-COBURG Haftpflicht-Unterstützungs-Kasse kraftfahrender Beamter Deutschlands a.G., Coburg
• HUK-COBURG-Allgemeine Versicherung AG, Coburg
|• XL Catlin Re Switzerland AG, Zurich, Switzerland (Member of the Governing Board)|
• XL Group Ltd., Hamilton/Bermuda (Non-Executive Director)
• XL Europe Re SE, Dublin, Irland (Non-Executive Director)
• XL Insurance Co. SE, London, UK (since September 1, 2017) (Non-Executive Director)
|Tina Müller, Frankfurt am Main|
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) at Douglas GmbH, Düsseldorf (since November 1, 2017)
|• STADA Arzneimittel AG, Bad Vilbel||–|
|Burkhard Schlingermann, Dusseldorf|
Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch
Works council member at MLP SE and MLP Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch
|• MLP Finanzdienstleistungen AG, Wiesloch (employees' representative) Employees' representative) (until November 30, 2017)|
• MLP Finanzberatung SE, Wiesloch (employees' representative, Vice Chairman) (since November 3, 2017)
|Alexander Beer, Karlsruhe|
Employee of MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch
Within the scope of the ordinary business, legal transactions were made between individual Group companies and members of the Executive Board and the Supervisory Board as well as related parties. The legal transactions refer to the payment transactions and securities services of € 1,306 thsd (previous year: € 1,663 thsd). The legal transactions were completed under standard market or employee conditions.
As of the reporting date December 31, 2017, members of the Executive Bodies had current account credit lines and surety loans totalling € 548 thsd (previous year: € 556 thsd). Surety loans are charged an interest rate of 2.0% (previous year: 1.0%) and the current account debits 6.25% to 8.50% (previous year: 6.25% to 8.50%).
The total remuneration for members of the Executive Board active on the reporting date is € 2,569 thsd (previous year: € 2,443 thsd) of which € 1,345 thsd (previous year: € 1,344 thsd) is attributable to the fixed portion of remuneration and € 1,223 thsd (previous year: € 1,099 thsd). In the financial year, expenses of € 290 thsd (previous year: € 290 thsd) were accrued for occupational pension provision. As of December 31, 2017, pension provisions of € 16,897 thsd are in place for former members of the Executive Board (previous year: € 18,109 thsd).
Variable portions of remuneration comprise long-term remuneration components.
The members of the Supervisory Board received non-performance-related remuneration of € 500 thsd for their activities in 2017 (previous year: € 500 thsd). In addition, € 18 thsd (previous year: € 17 thsd) was paid as compensation for expenses and training measures.
For the detailed structure of the remuneration system and the remuneration of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board, please refer to the remuneration report in the "Corporate governance" chapter. The remuneration report is part of the management report.
Alongside the consolidated subsidiaries, MLP SE comes into direct and indirect contact and has relations with a large number of companies within the scope of its ordinary business. This also includes subsidiaries, which are non-consolidated for reasons of materiality, as well as associates. All business dealings are concluded at conditions and terms customary in the industry and which as a matter of principle do not differ from delivery and service relationships with other companies. The services performed for the companies listed in the following essentially concern remuneration for wealth management and consulting, as well as brokerage, sales and trailer commission.
Transactions were carried out with major related companies, which led to the following items in the consolidated financial statements:
Related companies 2017
|All figures in €'000||Receivables||Liabilities||Income||Expenses|
|MLP Consult GmbH, Wiesloch||-||2,067||8||-|
|MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch (associated company)||63||-||9,620||49|
|Michel & Cortesi Assetmanagement AG, Zurich||428||74||164||287|
|FPE Private Equity Beteiligungs-Treuhand GmbH, Munich||-||-||50||-|
|FPE Private Equity Koordinations GmbH, Munich||-||-||50||-|
|DIEASS GmbH, Kiel||-||11||9||11|
|Portus Assekuranz Vermittlungsgesellschaft mbH, Kiel||-||16||14||16|
|Walther GmbH Versicherungsmakler, Hamburg||-||34||151||34|
Related companies 2016
|All figures in €'000||Receivables||Liabilities||Income||Expenses|
|MLP Consult GmbH, Wiesloch||-||2,074||7||-|
|MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch (associated company)||224||18||7,108||49|
|Michel & Cortesi Assetmanagement AG, Zürich||369||106||142||-|
|Coresis Management GmbH, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe||23||-||64||625|
|AIF Komplementär GmbH, München||-||23||21||-|
|FPE Private Equity Beteiligungs-Treuhand GmbH, Munich||-||-||120||-|
|FPE Private Equity Koordinations GmbH, Munich||-||-||47||-|
|DIEASS GmbH, Kiel||-||9||5||9|
|Portus Assekuranz Vermittlungsgesellschaft mbH, Kiel||-||25||5||60|
|Walther GmbH Versicherungsmakler, Hamburg||0||-||99||-|
38 Number of employees
The average number of staff employed fell from 1,768 in 2016 to 1,686 in 2017.
An average of 97 people (previous year: 116) underwent vocational training in the financial year.
39 Auditor's fees
The total fees for services performed by the auditing firm KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main in the financial year 2017 (including expenses, but excluding statutory value added tax) are as follows:
The “auditor´s fees” item includes the fees for auditing the financial statement as well as for auditing the other statutory financial statements of the MLP SE and its subsidiary companies. The "Other audit-related services" item includes expenses of € 349 thsd for the interim audit that was performed in the context of the demerger. The tax advisory services refer to a general training event held within the context of the investment tax reform.
40 Disclosures on equity / capital control
A primary objective of equity control is to ensure that the legal solvency regulations for banking and financial services businesses, which prescribe a minimum capital adequacy, are fulfilled and that the quantitative and qualitative equity base is strengthened. At MLP, the examinations performed for the purpose of complying with the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR), which came into force on January 1, 2014, as well as Article 7 and Article 11 et seq. of EU Directive No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and Council from June 26, 2013 regarding the supervisory requirements of financial institutions and investment firms, are performed on a consolidated basis (Group). As per Article 11 of the CRR, the relevant Group includes MLP SE, Wiesloch, MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch, FERI AG, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FERI Trust GmbH, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FEREAL AG, Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe, FERI Trust (Luxembourg) S. A., Luxembourg, ZSH GmbH Finanzdienstleistungen, Heidelberg.
Pursuant to the CRR, the following companies are not included in the Group as "Other companies": MLP Finanzberatung SE, with its companies MLPdialog GmbH, Wiesloch, MLP Hyp GmbH, Wiesloch, TPC GmbH, Hamburg and ZSH GmbH Finanzdienstleistungen, Heidelberg.
In deviation from the disclosures in the 2016 Annual Report, the following companies are no longer included in the supervisory scope of consolidation as per CRR: Schwarzer Familienholding GmbH, Kiel (merged with MLP SE), DOMCURA AG, Kiel, with its subsidiaries (consolidated on a voluntary basis in the previous year), and nordias GmbH Versicherungsmakler, Kiel, with its subsidiaries (consolidated on a voluntary basis in the previous year), as well as ZSH GmbH Finanzdienstleistungen, Heidelberg.
As a depository institution, MLP Banking AG, Wiesloch is the controlling institution as per Article 11 of the CRR.
The following means and measures for controlling and adjusting the equity capital of the Group are available to MLP: (I) Issuing new shares and (II) Making transfers to the statutory reserve to strengthen Tier 1 capital.
Pursuant to Article 92 et seq. of the CRR, MLP is obliged to back its capital adequacy requirements for both counterparty default risks and the operational risk at Group level with at least 9.250% eligible own funds (equity ratio) (previous year: 8.625%).
MLP applies the standardised approach to credit risk for determining the risk-weighted exposure values (counterparty default risks) in accordance with Article 111 et seq. of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR). The basic indicator approach is used for determining the amount for the operational risk (Article 315 et seq. of the CRR).
As in the previous year, the backing of risk assets with eligible own funds for Tier 1 capital generally requires a minimum ratio of 4.5% throughout.
As per Article 25 et seq. of the CRR, the Group's Tier 1 capital includes the following equity items of IFRS capital: share capital, capital reserves, statutory reserve and retained earnings. Among other factors, the following serve to reduce Tier 1 capital: intangible assets, treasury stock and goodwill.
As in the previous year, MLP has fulfilled all legal requirements relating to the minimum core capital backing during the financial year 2017. The relationship between core capital requirement and core capital as of the balance sheet date is illustrated below.
|All figures in €‘000||2017||2016|
|Tier 1 common capital||291,003||214,655|
|Tier 1 additional capital||-||-|
|Tier 2 capital||-||-|
|Eligible own funds||291,003||214,655|
|Capital adequacy requirements for counterparty default risks||73,840||75,502|
|Capital adequacy requirements for operational risk||42,443||45,793|
|Equity ratio (at least 9.250 %) (at least 8 % + 1.250 % (previous year 0.625 %) capital conservation buffer)||20.02||14.16|
|Tier 1 common capital ratio (at least 4.5 %)||20.02||14.16|
41 Events after the balance sheet date
There were no appreciable events after the balance sheet date affecting the net assets, financial position or results of operations of the Group.
42 Release of consolidated financial statements
The Executive Board prepared the consolidated financial statements on March 1, 2018, and will present them to the Supervisory Board on March 14, 2018 for publication.
Wiesloch, March 1, 2018
Dr. Uwe Schroeder-Wildberg Manfred Bauer Reinhard Loose